Frequently Asked Questions
- What's a credit union?
- What is the purpose of a credit union?
- How did credit unions start?
- Who owns a credit union?
- Are savings deposits insured?
- Who can join a credit union?
Q. What's a credit union?
A. A credit union is a cooperative, not-for-profit financial institution organized to promote thrift and provide credit to members. It is member-owned and controlled through a board of directors elected by the membership. The Board serves on a volunteer basis and may hire a management team to run the Credit Union. The Board also establishes and revises policy, sets dividend and loan rates, and directs certain operations. The result: members are provided with a safe, convenient place to save and borrow at reasonable rates at an institution which exists to benefit them, not to make a profit.
Q. What is the purpose of a credit union?
A. The primary purpose in furthering their goal of service is to encourage members to save money. Another purpose is to offer loans to members. In fact, credit unions have traditionally made loans to people of ordinary means. Credit unions can charge lower rates for loans (as well as pay higher dividends on savings) because they are nonprofit cooperatives. Rather than paying profits to stockholders, credit unions return earnings to members in the form of dividends or improved services.
Q. How did credit unions start?
A. The first credit union cooperatives started in Germany over a century ago. Today, credit unions are found everywhere in the world. The credit union movement started in this country in Manchester, New Hampshire. There, the St. Mary's Cooperative Credit Association, a church-affiliated credit union, opened its doors in 1909. Today, one in every three Americans is a credit union member.
Q. Who owns a credit union?
A. Most financial institutions are owned by stockholders, who own a part of the institution and intend on making money from their investment. A credit union doesn't operate in that manner. Rather, each credit union member owns one "share" of the organization. The user of credit union services is also an owner, and is even entitled to vote on important issues, such as the election of member representatives to serve on the board of directors.
Q. Are savings deposits insured?
A. Yes. At Advantage Credit Union, your savings is federally insured up to at least $250,000 and is backed by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), which is the federal agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions and insures savings in federal and most state-chartered credit unions across the country through the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF), a federal fund backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government.
Q. Who can join a credit union?
A. A credit union exists to serve a specific group of people, such as a group of employees or the members of a professional or religious group. This is called a "field of membership." The field of membership may include where they live, where they work, or their membership in a social or economic group. At Advantage Credit Union, anyone who lives, works, worships or attends school in Richland County can be a member. Once a member, always a member. Also, the field of membership may include the families of members; that is, persons related by blood, adoption or marriage to or living in the same household with a person having the common bond, as well as surviving spouses of persons who have left the field of membership in good standing. When the individual member of a credit union leaves the field of membership, all persons who are members by virtue of his or her membership may continue as members.